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The Diamant Alpin Dialysis cohort study: clinico-biological characteristics and cardiovascular genetic risk profile of incident patients.

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Date:
    • Collection:
      Université de Lausanne (UNIL): Serval - Serveur académique lausannois
    • Abstract:
      BACKGROUND: Clinical and therapeutic characteristics of chronic dialysis patients vary widely at national and/or regional levels. Their increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality is not explained by traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors only. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate and compare the characteristics of patients starting dialysis in a homogeneous Alpin region and possibly to identify new biological parameters (phenotypes or genotypes), which eould be responsible for the increased CVD seen in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: A cohort of 279 non-selected consecutive patients entering a dialysis program was prospectively investigated in eight centers of three adjacent regions in France, Italy and Switzerland. In addition to the usual demographic, clinical and biological data, we analyzed at study entry the blood levels of homocysteine, lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) and antioxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) antibodies, vitamin B12 status, Lp(a) and haptoglobin phenotypes, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), allele epsilon E4 of apolipoprotein (ApoE4) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) genetic polymorphism. RESULTS: At entry, 90.3% of patients were hypertensive, 30% had type 2 diabetes mellitus and 17.6% were current smokers; 42% of patients had already experienced at least one CV event: peripheral artery disease (26% of the cohort), coronary artery disease (22%) or ischemic cerebro-vascular disease (16%). Forty-two patients had had > or =2 CV events or documented atherosclerotic localizations. Anemia was not optimally treated: mean hemoglobin (Hb) was at 97.7 g/L and, while overall 62% of patients received erythropoietin (EPO) prior to dialysis, large national differences were observed. Compared to the reference population, ESRD patients exhibited increased homocysteinemia, Lp(a) levels and ApoE4 allele prevalence. Conversely, the distribution of Lp(a) phenotype, MTHFR TT, ACE DD and PAI-1 4G/4G was equivalent to ...
    • Relation:
      info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/pmid/15151261; info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/pissn/1121-8428;
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