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Myogenic reactivity is reduced in small renal arteries isolated from relaxin-treated rats

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      Bethesda, MD: American Physiological Society, 2002.
    • Publication Date:
    • Original Material:
    • Abstract:
      Administration of the ovarian hormone relaxin to nonpregnant rats vasodilates the renal circulation comparable to pregnancy. This vasodilation is mediated by endothelin (ET), the ETB receptor, and nitric oxide. Furthermore, endogenous relaxin mediates the renal vasodilation and hyperfiltration that occur during gestation. The goal of this study was to investigate whether myogenic reactivity of small renal and mesenteric arteries is reduced in relaxin-treated rats comparable to the pregnant condition. Relaxin or vehicle was administered to virgin female Long-Evans rats for 5 days at 4 μg/h, thereby producing midgestational blood levels of the hormone. The myogenic responses of small renal arteries (200-300 μm in diameter) isolated from these animals were evaluated in an isobaric arteriograph system. Myogenic reactivity was significantly reduced in the small renal arteries from relaxin-treated compared with vehicle-treated rats. The reduced myogenic responses were mediated by the ETB receptor and nitric oxide since the selective ETB receptor antagonist RES-701-1 and the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester restored myogenic reactivity to virgin levels. The influence of relaxin was not limited to the renal circulation because myogenic reactivity was also reduced in small mesenteric arteries isolated from relaxin-treated rats. Thus relaxin administration to nonpregnant rats mimics pregnancy, insofar as myogenic reactivity of small renal and mesenteric arteries is reduced in both conditions.
    • File Description:
    • Author Affiliations:
      Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Magee-Womens Research Institute, Pittsburgh 15213, United States
      Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, United States
      Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology and College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States
    • ISSN:
    • Rights:
      Copyright 2002 INIST-CNRS
      CC BY 4.0
      Sauf mention contraire ci-dessus, le contenu de cette notice bibliographique peut être utilisé dans le cadre d’une licence CC BY 4.0 Inist-CNRS / Unless otherwise stated above, the content of this bibliographic record may be used under a CC BY 4.0 licence by Inist-CNRS / A menos que se haya señalado antes, el contenido de este registro bibliográfico puede ser utilizado al amparo de una licencia CC BY 4.0 Inist-CNRS
    • Notes:
      Vertebrates : cardiovascular system
    • Accession Number: